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Moscow & St Petersburg

Resort:Moscow & St Petersburg
Operator: Riviera Travel
Destination: Russia
Price From: £1099.00

Overview

Moscow and St Petersburg have always remained pivotal to Eastern Europe™s culture and unsurprisingly harbour some of the world™s most influential history, finest architecture, most stunning art and artefact collections, and thus almost always feature on today™s travellers™ wish lists of ˜must see™ destinations.

First to Moscow “ for many steeped in mystery, the grand œCold War Soviet parades are long gone now, yet the city still retains a tantalising, almost remoteness from Europe™s other great capitals. Top of any visitor™s list is the extraordinary Kremlin complex, three cathedrals, great palaces, the Senate, the remarkable Treasury plus several grand squares and towers. Equally recognisable are St Basil™s Cathedral with its amazing multi-coloured domes, plus the monumental Red Square “ home to Lenin™s tomb, whose worldwide influence like Stalin™s, remains undeniable if somewhat tainted.

Yet there is so much more to Moscow than the awe inspiring sights and politics. See the city™s fine university where famous writers like Chekhov, Sakharov and Pasternak studied and the stunning Bolshoi, arguably the world™s finest ballet. Shopping takes on a refreshing novelty in the grand arcades of Tverskaya Street and bohemian Arbat Street. Gorky Park, Stalin™s Bunker, the Gulag Museum, Victory Park and Tolstoy™s house¦. the list of fascinating places goes on, and all linked by the legendary metro with its cathedral “ like stations and grand designs “ Moscow is utterly unique.

Next, one of the world™s most beautiful cities, St Petersburg, Imperial capital of the Tsars, founded in 1703 by Peter the Great and truly worthy of an emperor! The majestic boulevards and splendid baroque buildings, threaded by winding canals and set amongst great parks are so redolent of the classical Italy which inspired Peter™s great vision.

A magnificent monument of old Russia, the Tsar™s winter palace, the Hermitage houses one of the world™s finest art collections; the magnificent St Isaac™s Cathedral is simply inspiring and the waterfront™s grandeur has to be seen to be believed. The Peter and Paul Fortress with its ornate cathedral featuring marbled columns and glittering chandeliers is the Romanovs™ final resting place. St Petersburg though has another face too: lose yourself in the parks, take a stroll along the canals criss-crossing the city or window shop in the city™s department stores and markets. Then there is the Kirov (now known as the Mariinsky), one of the world™s most famous ballet companies where Nureyev, Nijinsky and Anna Pavlova gained worldwide recognition. Other famous St Petersburgers include Tchaikovsky, Shostakovich, Stravinsky and Pushkin whose wonderful cultural legacies still endure.

The city was founded by an emperor and was home to Catherine the Great and the Romanovs. Subsequently the Revolution radically changed the course of 20th century world history and then came a change of name to Leningrad; the arrival of Stalin the Second World War™s brutal three year siege followed by the ˜Cold War™. Recently it has been time for two more St Petersburgers to take centre stage: Boris Yeltsin and Vladimir Putin. Today St Petersburg has emerged wonderfully from this turbulent past, reclaiming its rightful place amongst the world™s most beautiful and fascinating cities.

 

Itinerary Details

DAY 1 ARRIVAL IN MOSCOW

ARRIVAL IN MOSCOW

On arrival you will be met and transferred to your hotel. You will stay for three nights on bed and breakfast in a centrally located four-star hotel, the Courtyard By Marriott City Centre, within easy reach of Red Square with all of the comforts you would expect of an international standard hotel.

DAY 2 MOSCOW & RED SQUARE

MOSCOW & RED SQUARE

This morning is a true revelation where news broadcasts, political speeches, books and films just come alive. The sense of history is overpowering as one great building after another, plus fascinating facts and stories hold you spellbound on our guided tour. We see the 16th century Novodevichy Convent where Russian noblewomen would retire whilst the adjacent cemetery reads like a Russian ˜who™s who™…. Chekhov, Prokofiev, Gogol, Khrushchev and Yeltsin to name but a few. We™ll also visit the enormous riverside Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, built to mark the victory over the French in 1812. Other highlights include the world famous Bolshoi Theatre, Lubyanka Square – erstwhile home of the KGB!, Tverskaya, Moscow™s main thoroughfare and the legendary Red Square, home to the GUM, renowned in Soviet times as a place to queue for one™s paltry allocation of pots and plates, now however a thoroughly modern and upmarket department store! None is more iconic than the 16th century St Basil™s Cathedral with its multicoloured domes, whose architects were blinded by Ivan the Terrible to prevent them from creating anything to compare. This afternoon you are free to explore.

DAY 3 THE KREMLIN

THE KREMLIN

This morning is dedicated to a guided visit of the massive Kremlin complex – the awe inspiring heart of Russian power. Commissioned in the 15th century by Ivan the Great with walls and towers built by Italian master stonemasons, it was the world™s largest medieval fortress. You™ll learn about its fascinating history seeing a staggering three cathedrals and the royal residence Terem Palace whose great Bell Tower so dominates this iconic skyline. As the USSR™s power base during Soviet times, the imposing Palace of the Congresses was added and you can still see red stars lingering atop some of the towers. The most imposing though is the Great Kremlin Palace, a 700 room former home of the Tsars with its splendid Armoury collection dating from 1511 with a complete room displaying the jewellery and ˜eggs™ of the legendary designer Faberg.

This afternoon is free to perhaps visit the history museum dedicated to the Chief Administration of Corrective Labour Camps and Colonies (better known as GULAG!), the Tretyakov State Gallery, Pushkin Museum plus much more.

DAY 4 ST PETERSBURG

ST PETERSBURG

Moscow is immensely proud of its underground railway, the Metro, perhaps Stalin™s one truly welcome legacy. It features some of the city™s most momentous architectural works, making extensive use of reflective marble walls, glittering chandeliers and grandiose halls. The central stations boast grand columns, stunning mosaics and statues with our tour featuring visits to some of the most striking and fascinating stations. This afternoon we bid farewell to magnificent Moscow taking the Sapsan, (high speed train) across the Russian plains to the stunning home of Peter and Catherine the Great, St Petersburg, staying three nights at the four-star Novotel, ideally located just off Nevsky Prospekt one of the city™s finest shopping streets, within walking distance to most of the sights.

DAY 5 ST PETERSBURG‚ & THE HERMITAGE MUSEUM

ST PETERSBURG‚ & THE HERMITAGE MUSEUM

Today begins with a city sightseeing tour, experiencing at first hand the unrivalled splendour of Saint Petersburg™s imperial buildings. We see the breathtaking Winter Palace, home to the Hermitage Museum which we visit later. We also pass the Peter and Paul Fortress, renowned for the glittering spire ascending from the cathedral™s bell tower. The fortress sits on an island in the Neva and was once the hub of Russia™s military power before later becoming a much-feared prison that counted Dostoyevsky, Trotsky and Gorky among its inmates. The gleaming cathedral is the final resting place of Peter the Great, while close by is the wooden Cabin of Peter the Great, one of the city™s original buildings and for a few years the summer residence of the tsars.‚ 

We see handsome religious buildings like the gargantuan Saint Isaac™s Cathedral and the Church of Our Saviour on Spilled Blood with its ornate towers, and pass many fine houses and palaces that formerly belonged to the nobility. You™ll also discover grand boulevards like Nevsky Prospekt, the pretty canals and arched bridges that give the city its sobriquet, the ˜Venice of the North™ and the magnificent Admiralty building. We also see the enormous Palace Square, the city™s best-known open space.‚ 

This afternoon we visit the Hermitage for a guided tour of some of its highlights. The scale of this complex is overwhelming as you™re surrounded by the grandeur of the former Winter Palace “ enormous rooms, endless corridors, marble and gilt everywhere. The Hermitage houses an astonishing art collection, almost unmatched anywhere in the world. The statistics are staggering “ its five buildings house over three million artefacts, with European paintings alone occupying 120 rooms that include masterpieces by Leonardo, Michelangelo, Rembrandt, Monet and Matisse.‚ 

DAY 6 PETERHOF

PETERHOF

This morning we explore Peterhof, with its amazing gardens, fountains and palaces, magnificently finished by Catherine the Great. The lavishly decorated baroque Grand Palace is packed with fine art highlighted by the Throne Room. Outside the beautiful 1,500 acres of landscaped formal parkland display English and French design with bronze sculptures and summerhouses with geometrically arranged flowerbeds in complete harmony with their surroundings. And the final spectacle, flowing towards the sea, is the incredible Grand Cascade of 176 fountains emitting a staggering 30,000 litres per second!

This afternoon you are free to explore as you desire amongst the city™s remarkable attractions – perhaps a boat trip observing the stunning waterfront, the huge golden dome of St Isaac™s‚ Cathedral, or alternatively just stroll along the river lined by attractive 19th century merchants™ houses. Russia is a remarkable country and especially for first time visitors is a true eye-opener. Many leave with more questions than answers, but more than anything else you will be truly fascinated.

DAY 7 RETURN FLIGHT

RETURN FLIGHT

Today at the appropriate time, you will be transferred to the airport for your return flight.